Rabindranath Tagore

              Tagore, Rabindranath (1861-1941), Indian poet, philosopher, and Nobel
              laureate, was born in Calcutta, into a wealthy family.
              He began to write poetry as a child; his first book appeared when he
              was 17 years old.

              After a brief stay in England (1878) to
              study law, he returned to India, where he rapidly became the most
              important and popular author of the colonial era, writing
              poetry, short stories, novels, and plays. He composed several hundred
              popular songs and in 1929 also began painting.

              Tagore wrote primarily in Bengali, but translated many of his works
              into English himself. He was awarded the 1913 Nobel
              Prize in literature, and in 1915 he was knighted by the British king
              George V. Tagore renounced his knighthood in 1919
              following the Amritsar massacre of 400 Indian demonstrators by
              British troops.

              His famous works were 'Balaka' , 'Sonar
              Tari', 'Chitali', and 'Gitanjuli' etc. His selected poems
              and selected short stories 'Galpagucha' were published in
              India 1966. Two of his songs are national anthem of India and

Ke Ensaiklopedia Sastera