Boris Leonidovich Pasternak
1890-1960, Russian poet, novelist, and translator. His
first book of poems was The Twin in the Clouds (1914).
Over the Barriers (1916) and My Sister, Life (1922)
established him as a major poet with a fresh, lyrical,
In the repressive intellectual climate of
the 1930s he ceased publishing his own work, devoting
himself to translating works of SHAKESPEARE,
GOETHE, and other major Western poets. Two World
War II collections brought only censure.
His masterpiece, the novel Doctor Zhivago, an epic
treatment of the tragic upheavals of 20th-cent. Russia,
was finished by 1955. Denied publication in the USSR, it
was first published (1957) in Italy, and soon acclaimed
Though Pasternak was awarded the 1958
Nobel Prize in literature, official Soviet pressure
compelled him to refuse it. He spent his last years at an
artists' colony near Moscow, where he remained an
international symbol of artistic incorruptibility.
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